So informal elastic-waist knitted garments would be called pants , but not trousers or slacks. Trousers have varied historically in whether or not they have a fly. Virginia's state senators voted against passing the law. The opening also allows men to urinate without lowering their trousers.
The British Royal Navy had often been a leader in nautical fashion, but bell-bottoms did not become part of the standard uniform until the midth century. Although the trousers of the present-day uniform of the United States Navy are still referred to as "bell-bottomed", they simply have large straight legs. The wearer's thigh fills the upper trouser leg, making the bottom of the pants leg appear flared.
This style has been popular for many years, perhaps originally because the trouser leg can be rolled up easily, allowing the wearer to work in bare feet, but there is no reliable documentation that confirms a specific timeline or reason for the popularity of bell-bottomed trousers in naval apparel. In the s, bell-bottoms became fashionable for both men and women in Europe and North America.
They were usually worn with Cuban-heeled shoes, clogs , or Chelsea boots. Toni Basil , who was a go-go dancer when the concert film the T. Show was released, appeared in the film wearing bell-bottoms with a baby doll blouse. Bell-bottoms are mentioned in the popular music single " Bell Bottom Blues " by blues-rock group Derek and the Dominos. In the s, bell-bottoms moved back into mainstream fashion;  Sonny and Cher helped popularize bell-bottoms in the US by wearing them on their popular television show.
Made from denim, bright cotton and satin polyester, they were so popular that they became a symbol of the outlandish and colorful style of the decade. Loon pants shortened from "balloon pants" were a variant on bell-bottomed trousers, with an increased flare.
They were worn occasionally by go-go dancers on the British television music variety show Ready Steady Go! Elephant bells , popular in the mid-to-late s, were similar to loon pants, but were typically made of denim. Elephant bells had a marked flare below the knee, often covering the wearer's shoes.
The preferred shoes were platform shoes with soles at least 2 inches 5. After the rise of punk rock in the late s, bell-bottoms began to become less-fashionable as the decade drew to a close.
By , skin-tight trousers or s-style drain pipes were much more in vogue, with bell-bottoms been seen as having had their day, remaining in fashion circa A revival of bell-bottoms occurred after bands such as The Stone Roses , Happy Mondays and The Charlatans re-introduced them in late and the early s.
In , women's bell-bottoms were reintroduced to the mainstream public, under the name "boot-cut" "boot-fit" trousers as the flare was slimmer. The boot-cut boot-fit style ended up dominating the fashion world for 10 years. By around , the bell-shaped silhouette started to fade as the skinny jean rose in popularity. However, boot-cuts boot-fits and flare jeans never entirely went away, and both of these styles remain relatively popular today [ when?
In , Poiret created loose-fitting, wide-leg trousers for women called harem pants, which were based on the costumes of the popular opera Sheherazade. In the early 20th century women air pilots and other working women often wore trousers. Frequent photographs from the s of actresses Marlene Dietrich and Katharine Hepburn in trousers helped make trousers acceptable for women.
During World War II , women working in factories and doing other forms of "men's work" on war service wore trousers when the work demanded it. In the post-war era, trousers became acceptable casual wear for gardening, the beach, and other leisurely pursuits. Further, in Britain during World War II, because of the rationing of clothing, many women took to wearing their husbands' civilian clothes, including their trousers, to work while their husbands were away from home serving in the armed forces.
This was partly because they were seen as practical workwear and partly to allow women to keep their clothing allowance for other uses. As this practice of wearing trousers became more widespread and as the men's clothing wore out, replacements were needed. By the summer of , it was reported that sales of women's trousers were five times more than they had been in the previous year.
In , Luisa Capetillo challenged mainstream society by becoming the first woman in Puerto Rico to wear trousers in public. Capetillo was sent to jail for what was then considered to be a crime, but, the judge later dropped the charges against her. In the s, André Courrèges introduced long trousers for women as a fashion item, leading to the era of the pantsuit and designer jeans and the gradual erosion of social prohibitions against girls and women wearing trousers in schools, the workplace and in fine restaurants.
Pat Nixon was the first American First Lady to wear trousers in public. In , California state senator Rebecca Morgan became the first woman to wear trousers in a US state senate. Hillary Clinton was the first woman to wear trousers in an official American First Lady portrait. In Rome in , a year-old driving instructor was accused of rape. When he picked up an year-old girl for her first driving lesson, he allegedly raped her for an hour, then told her that if she was to tell anyone he would kill her.
Later that night she told her parents and her parents agreed to help her press charges. While the alleged rapist was convicted and sentenced, the Italian Supreme Court overturned the conviction in because the victim wore tight jeans. It was argued that she must have necessarily have had to help her attacker remove her jeans, thus making the act consensual "because the victim wore very, very tight jeans, she had to help him remove them An Alibi for Rape.
As of at least 20 U. Wearing jeans on this day has become an international symbol of protest. As of the Italian Supreme Court has overturned their findings, and there is no longer a "denim" defense to the charge of rape. Women were not allowed to wear trousers on the US Senate floor until In Malawi women were not legally allowed to wear trousers under President Kamuzu Banda 's rule until Since the International Skating Union has allowed women to wear trousers instead of skirts in competition.
In the Royal Canadian Mounted Police began to allow women to wear trousers and boots with all their formal uniforms. In and , some Mormon women participated in "Wear Pants to Church Day", in which they wore trousers to church instead of the customary dresses to encourage gender equality within The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
In , Turkey's parliament ended a ban on women lawmakers wearing trousers in its assembly. Also in , an old bylaw requiring women in Paris, France to ask permission from city authorities before "dressing as men", including wearing trousers with exceptions for those "holding a bicycle handlebar or the reins of a horse" was declared officially revoked by France's Women's Rights Minister, Najat Vallaud-Belkacem.
In , an Indian family court in Mumbai ruled that a husband objecting to his wife wearing a kurta and jeans and forcing her to wear a sari amounts to cruelty inflicted by the husband and can be a ground to seek divorce. In , The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints announced that its female employees could wear "professional pantsuits and dress slacks" while at work; dresses and skirts had previously been required. Pleats just below the waistband on the front typify many styles of formal and casual trousers, including suit trousers and khakis.
There may be one, two, three, or no pleats, which may face either direction. When the pleats open towards the pockets they are called reverse pleats typical of most trousers today and when they open toward the fly they are known as forward pleats.
Trouser-makers can finish the legs by hemming the bottom to prevent fraying. A fly is a covering over an opening join concealing the mechanism, such as a zipper , velcro or buttons, used to join the opening. In trousers, this is most commonly an opening covering the groin , which makes the pants easier to put on or take off. The opening also allows men to urinate without lowering their trousers. Trousers have varied historically in whether or not they have a fly.
Originally, hose did not cover the area between the legs. This was instead covered by a doublet or by a codpiece. When breeches were worn, during the Regency period for example, they were fall-fronted or broad fall. Later, after trousers pantaloons were invented, the fly-front split fall emerged.
Most flies now use a zipper, though button-fly pants continue to be available. At present, most trousers are held up through the assistance of a belt which is passed through the belt loops on the waistband of the trousers.
However, this was traditionally a style acceptable only for casual trousers and work trousers; suit trousers and formal trousers were suspended by the use of braces suspenders in American English attached to buttons located on the interior or exterior of the waistband. Today, this remains the preferred method of trouser support amongst adherents of classical British tailoring.
Many men claim this method is more effective and more comfortable because it requires no cinching of the waist or periodic adjustment. In modern Western society, males customarily wear trousers and not skirts or dresses. There are exceptions, however, such as the ceremonial Scottish kilt and Greek fustanella , as well as robes or robe-like clothing such as the cassocks of clergy and the academic robes, both rarely worn today in daily use.
See also Men's skirts. Based on Deuteronomy in the Bible "The woman shall not wear that which pertaineth unto a man" , some groups, including the Amish, Hutterites, some Mennonites, some Baptists, a few Church of Christ groups, and most Orthodox Jews, believe that women should not wear trousers, but only skirts and dresses.
These groups do permit women to wear underpants as long as they are hidden. By contrast, many Muslim sects approve of pants as they are considered more modest than any skirt that is shorter than ankle length.
However, some mosques require ankle length trousers for both Muslims and non-Muslims on the premises. Among certain groups, low-rise, baggy trousers exposing underwear became fashionable ; for example, among skaters and in s hip hop fashion. This fashion is called sagging or, alternatively, "busting slack.
Cut-offs are homemade shorts made by cutting the legs off trousers, usually after holes have been worn in fabric around the knees. This extends the useful life of the trousers. The remaining leg fabric may be hemmed or left to fray after being cut. In , a law requiring women in Paris, France to ask permission from city authorities before "dressing as men", including wearing trousers with exceptions for those "holding a bicycle handlebar or the reins of a horse" was declared officially revoked by France's Women's Rights Minister, Najat Vallaud-Belkacem.
Wearing jeans on this day, 22 April, has become an international symbol of protest. In Sudan, Article of the Memorandum to the Penal Code prohibits the wearing of "obscene outfits" in public. This law has been used to arrest and prosecute women wearing trousers. Thirteen women including journalist Lubna al-Hussein were arrested in Khartoum in July for wearing trousers; ten of the women pleaded guilty and were flogged with ten lashes and fined Sudanese pounds apiece.
Lubna al-Hussein considers herself a good Muslim and asserts "Islam does not say whether a woman can wear trousers or not.
I'm not afraid of being flogged. But it is insulting. In May , in Louisiana , Democrat and state legislator Derrick Shepherd proposed a bill that would make it a crime to appear in public wearing trousers below the waist and thereby exposing one's skin or "intimate clothing". It is not clear whether, with the same coverage by the trousers, exposing underwear was considered worse than exposing bare skin, or whether the latter was already covered by another law. The law passed in the Virginia House of Delegates.
However, various criticisms to it arose. For example, newspaper columnists and radio talk show hosts consistently said that since most people that would be penalised under the law would be young African-American men, the law would thus be a form of racial discrimination. Virginia's state senators voted against passing the law. In California , Government Code Section From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the clothing item. For the British film, see Trousers film. For undergarment, see Underpants. For the object in topology, see Pair of pants mathematics. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Retrieved 9 June Retrieved 6 December The Persian Army — BC. Archived from the original on 29 April Retrieved 21 January Thames and Hudson, , Retrieved 10 October The Life of Charlemagne. University of Michigan Press, Retrieved 14 June Archived from the original on 11 March Retrieved 28 May
When you're not busy conquering the conference room, kick back in the Lulus Kick It Black Trouser Pants! Sleek woven poly constructs a high, banded waist, pleated accents, and diagonal front pockets/5(). Shop Women's Plus Size clothing, clothing, studio collection, pants, trouser & more at londonmetalumni.ml - The Destination for Trendy Plus-size Fashion & Accessories. Trousers (British English) or pants (American English) are an item of clothing that might have originated in East Asia, worn from the waist to the ankles, covering both legs separately (rather than with cloth extending across both legs as in robes, skirts, and dresses).